Hula Kahiko - ancient hula, usually danced to chants. 
     Dancers wear traditional hula clothing made of natural material such as cotton and ti leaves.

Hula 'Auana - modern hula, danced to contemporary Hawaiian songs.
     Dancers perform graceful movements and wear costumes ranging from ti leave skirts to mu'umu'u  to modern evening wear.

Hapa Haole Hula - translated literally, means "part English dance."
     The words are sung mostly or completely in English. This is the most popular type of hula outside of the Hawaiian islands,
     because it is easy to understand.

Mele - song, poetry, chant

Kumu hula - translated literally, means "the source of hula."
     A hula master who has undergone extensive training at a recognized halau, and has graduated under the guidance of a
     recognized kumu hula. A future kumu hula's study includes perfectly memorizing the halau's hula kahiko and hula 'auana,
     learning the Hawaiian language, learning to ho'opa'a (to play the ipu and chant while the dancers are dancing), and learning
     the indepth history and culture of Hawai'i. A kumu hula's first and most important committment is to preserve the traditions of
     hula and to authentically perpetuate the art and culture of hula.

Basic Steps:
     kaholo - 3 steps to one side and touch, reverse
     hela - with bent knees, extend legs from knees alternately
     'uwehe - one foot steps down, knees pop front (women) or to the corners (men)
     lele - step, touch, step, touch
     'ami - hips make a full horizontal circle
     ka'o - hips sway vertically  from side to side

Hula Implements:
     pu'ili - split bamboo sticks; dancers hit them together or against parts of the body
    'ili'ili - large smooth pebbles; dancers hold 2 in each hand and click them together
    'uli'uli - feather-topped gourds; dancers hold one in each hand and shake them by rotating the wrists back and forth
     ipu - large open hollow gourds; dancers hit them with the heel of the hand or the fingers
     kala'au - two sticks; dancers hold each in one hand and hit them together

written by Ka'ua

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About Hula
Photo by Gloria Chiu. Background - Lydegate Beach, Kaua'i.
References upon request
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